Zemplínska Šrava in the past called Zemplínska Sĺňava was built in 1961 – 1965 The primary purpose of the dam was to protect against flooding and irrigation of agricultural land, while recreation was originally considered only marginally. The dam is also a dry reservoir (so-called polder) Beša. Šírava is used for recreational purposes, sailing, flood protection, irrigation of the East Slovak Lowland and as a water source for industry (Vojany thermal power plant). The eastern part of the dam between the villages of Kusin, Hnojne and Jovsa is overgrown, which suits waterfowl. This area is reserved by ornithologists as a protected study area, a protected area was established here (see: CHA Zemplínska šírava) declared in 1968 on an area of 622 ha, the purpose of which is to protect the ornithological locality in the eastern part of the artificial water reservoir. of which 37 rare. Before the construction of the water reservoir there was no village on its surface. The space between the future resorts of Horka and Bear Mountain was used in 1939 by the German Luftwaffe to build a makeshift airport without a paved runway. The airport was used in the attack on Poland in the early World […]
Water structure Krpeľany was put into operation 5.12.1961 and is part of the so-called. Hornovážská cascade, which consists of 3 stages: Krpeľany – Sučany – Lipovec. The purpose of the water construction is to use the energy of the river Vah to produce electricity. energy in the section between Kraľovany and Vrútky, local navigation and partial reduction of large water flows in the river Váh and the adjacent section by the capacity of the waterworks. For energy use is taken by water power plant Krpeľany max. 210 m3.s-1. The Krpeľany stage consists of the following structures: earth dam, weir, power plant, reactive weir, small hydroelectric power plant, waste channel, treatment of the Váh in the reservoir and under the water works, 110 kV substation, pumping station Kraľovany. The dam, weir and power plant cross the valley of the Váh river, which gives way to water and creates a reservoir with a flooded area of 1.26 km2, the length of the backwater is 5990 m, max. the flood area is 510.0 m wide. Total tank volume (projected state) 8.333 mil. m3 is reduced to 3,500 mil.m3 due to sediment deposition (focus in 1977).
System of water works Dobšiná The system of water works consists of Palcmanská Maša – Vlčia Valley – Dobšiná. The first two were built between 1948 and 1954. The Dobšiná reservoir was created later, in 1957 – 1960, as a buffer reservoir below the Vlčá dolina valley in order to eliminate the fluctuations in the flows in the Dobšinský stream caused by the production of peak electricity. It is the first larger hydro-technical building in the east of Slovakia, on its contact with central Slovakia and it is situated in the western part of the Volovské Hills with water transfer from one catchment to another and from the Hornád catchment to the Slaná catchment. The water work also serves the so-called indirect effect. From this point of view, the accumulation tank Palcmanská Maša fulfills aesthetic, landscape and recreational-tourist role. Despite the predominantly energetic importance of the waterworks, its flood protection function, which has gained its current significance in recent years of frequent and extreme floods, is not negligible. The main objects of the system are the dam and accumulation tank Palcmanská Maša in Hnilec, the sampling object and pressure feeder, the lower reservoir created by the dam in Vlčina valley, […]
Water construction Drahovce – Madunice also known as Sĺňava Reservoir. The Drahovce – Madunice Water Structure is a multipurpose water works, which uses the Váh section between Piešťany and Hlohovec, was built between 1956 – 1959. The commencement of permanent operation was in 1960. The primary purpose of the water construction is to ensure sufficient water for the Jaslovské Bohunice nuclear power plant and water abstraction for irrigation. Secondary purposes include recreation, water sports and fishing, as well as environmental protection and enhancement. Drahovce weir is situated on the Váh river in rkm 113.43. The total length of the gate is 132.0 m, it consists of six weir fields covered by double-segment hooks with a width of 16.0 m and a height of 7.8 m with a total capacity of 3400 m3 · s − 1 The restraint is situated on a plane and is formed by a weir and a system of two perimeter dams. The flooded water creates a maximum flooded area of 4.3 km² with a total tank volume of 12.5 mil. m3
Hydrotechnical data: the height of the dam above the floodplain 32,50 m dam length in crown 390,00 m min. operating level 361.00 m n. m. max. operating level 377.25 m n. m. max. holiday level 378.80 m n. m. total tank volume 8 431 443 м3
The water reservoir Nová Bystrica was built between 1983 and 1989. It is located on the river Bystrica, in the area below the confluence of the brooks of Harvelka, Stanov potok and Riečnica. “Cholvárkami”. Only the Catholic church from the village of Riečnica remained from the original development. It serves primarily as a source of raw drinking water, which is directed to the treatment plant and from there it is distributed to the districts of Žilina and Čadca as drinking water, further it serves to contain the flood wave and utilizes its hydro-energy potential.
The main purpose of the waterworks Liptovská Mara – Bešeňová is in the management of water for irrigation in the lower Váh, in the use of hydropower for electricity generation, in improving water purity in the flow, supplying water for industry, increasing flood protection, fish farming and also recreational and sporting purposes. It also permanently ensures and directs water management in the Váh river basin and by suitable cooperation of the Liptovská Mara and Orava reservoirs it improves runoff conditions to Váh in summer, but especially in winter. Construction of dams Liptovská Mara – VS Bešeňová began in 1965 intensive geological survey, which, together with the preparatory work lasted until the end of 1969. From January 1970 began its own construction of the dam Lipt. Mara – Bešeňová, which was completed at the end of 1977. But already 1.5.1975 was reached the minimum operating level, which allowed to start its operation. The dam of Liptovska Mara is 1,225 m long, 45 m high above the river bottom and a width of 7 meters. The total dam volume is 3,970,000 m³, covering an area of 21.68 km², a length of about 7.5 km, an average width of 2.5 km and a […]
Problems with the lack of drinking water in the Ipľa region began to be felt in 1977. The solution was the construction of the Málinec waterworks, which they started to implement on 1 April 1986. The tank was put into operation in 1994 and now the cities of Fiľakovo are supplied with drinking water. Lučenec and Veľký Krtíš. In the flooded area completely disappeared settlement Hamor, but also the surrounding settlements Hrozinovo, Chmelná, Šťavica. The work itself consists of its own water reservoir on the upper Ipľa river and water treatment plant. The dam height is 53 meters and the total reservoir volume is over 26 million cubic meters. It is interesting that the river Ipeľ has all 12 tributaries in the Málinca cadastre from the right bank. The tributaries of Chocholná and Smolná are so extensive that they are almost equivalent to the Ipeľ River. It was the resource yield that was decisive in the selection of the building for the drinking water supply in Málinec.
The history of the Orava water construction dates back to the beginning of the 19th century, when the first designs for the construction of the dam in Ústianské hrdlo were worked out. The first such designs are from 1830 and therefore more than 100 years before the construction of the Orava Water Construction. All proposals were aimed at eliminating or at least mitigating the consequences of the devastating floods that have been very common in the past. The construction of the system of water works on the river Orava, between the villages of Tvrdošín and Ústí nad Oravou is formed by the Orava Water Structure, which took place during World War II, from 1941 to 1953. parameters and technological equipment of hydropower plant. All deficiencies that arose during construction were removed after the end of the war in 1949 by creating a concrete gravity dam. Slanica, Usti, Lavkov, Hamre and Osada were flooded in the reservoirs and two villages were partially flooded, with the need to relocate about 3200 inhabitants. The realization of the water structure Tvrdošín, which is a buffer tank of the top power plant Orava, took place in 1972 – 1978. The purpose of the Orava water […]
Above the village of Bukovec and next to the village of Hýľov there is a large Bukovecká artificial reservoir, serving as a supplementary reservoir of drinking water for the city of Košice and Košice surroundings. In addition to this reservoir, there is also a lower reservoir under Bukovec, which was built as an emergency reservoir of service water for metallurgical operation of VSŽ Košice. From the geomorphological point of view, it belongs to the area of Slovenské rudohorie and its mountain unit Volovské vrchy (valley in which the artificial reservoir forms the border of sub-units Holička and Kojšovská hoľa). The Bukovec Water Reservoir was built between 1968 and 1976. In addition to drinking water supply for the inhabitants, the reservoir also has a protective function, balancing fluctuating yields of the Košice group water supply, but also fulfills a protective function in reducing flood flows. Bukovec Reservoir is not open to the public, but is an important habitat for waterfowl, amphibians and birds. The habitat is predestined for the occurrence of more amphibians, mammals, insects and reptiles. The storage volume of the tank is about 25 million cubic meters. The length of the dam is 2.8 kilometers. The height of the […]
Veľká Domaša is the 4th largest water reservoir in Slovakia, it was built in the Bodrog basin on the Ondava River in the years 1962 – 1967 as a part of water management adjustments on the East Slovak Lowland. Its purpose is water accumulation at higher flow rates, flood protection, exploitation of hydro-energy potential, recreation and sport. The construction of the waterworks Veľká Domaša took 6 years. It started in February 1962 and ended in December 1967. The injection tunnel began to be established in August 1963. The flow of Ondava was diverted to the communication tunnel in June 1964. adit. The earth dam was completed in September 1966. At that time, the reservoir was first filled – 01 November 1965, when the construction of the buffer reservoir Malá Domaša was completed. The hydroelectric power plant on the dam was completed in December 1966 and a year later, in December 1967, the construction of the entire waterworks was completed. The 49th parallel of north latitude passes through the dam of Veľká Domaša. The water work is administered by the Slovak State Water Management Company.
Water Structure Nosice – Dam of Youth is a magnificent waterworks, built in the 1950s as part of the post-war industrialization of Slovakia as part of the so-called post-war industrialization. Vazske cascade. Nosická dam on the border of Púchov and Považská Bystrica districts is the oldest dam on the Váh. Its construction began in 1949, but it was not completed until 1958. The reason was the discovery of medicinal water, for which they had to interrupt the construction, had to change the construction technology and building materials. According to it, the construction of the dam proved to be justified in 1960, two years after the operation started. Thousands of years of water in the dam is a flow of less than 3000 cubic meters per second. If the water work did not stand, the flood would probably have swept Púchov and other villages around Váh. More than 55,000 volunteers participated in the construction, and the construction also required the displacement of part of the flooded area. Today, the dam completes the landscape around the meanders of the original Váh riverbed between Považská Bystrica and Nosice. During the construction of the work, a mineral spring was also accidentally discovered, around which […]
The incentive for the construction of the water structure Môťová was based on the post-war growth requirements of industrial companies in Zvolen. They required an urgent solution to water provision. The reservoir was created by damming the Slatina stream with a natural homogeneous dam. The construction of the waterworks did not require any resettlement of the population, liquidation of residential houses or other constructions. The flooded area consisted mainly of meadows and pastures. VS It was built on the river Slatina in the years 1953 – 1957. The filling of the reservoir was started in 1957. After reaching the maximum level, the function of the earth dam was performed. The Môťová reservoir serves for balancing the minimum flow rates on the Slatina River, it provides service water for the timber industry and for the Zvolen heating plant. Its secondary purpose is to produce electricity. As the reservoir is in the immediate vicinity of Zvolen, it is also used for recreation, sport fishing and water sports. The water work is administered by the Slovak State Water Management Company.
Starina Water Reservoir is located in the easternmost part of Slovakia, in the northeastern part of Zemplin in the district Snina and is the largest water reservoir in Central Europe. The reservoir was built between 1983 and 1988 on the upper reaches of the Cirocha River in the Bukovské vrchy Mountains in the Poloniny National Park. The impregnation of the water work began in 1987. The protection zones at the Starina water reservoir do not allow the reservoir to be used for tourism or other than water management purposes. The tank has a volume of 59.8 mil. m³ of water and covers an area of 311.4 ha, the dam wall reaches an impressive height of 50 m. Today, this water reservoir is the main source of drinking water for the towns of Košice and Prešov. The water flows through the 134.5 km pipeline to Košice. Its construction was preceded by the eviction of 7 villages. These were the villages of Dara, Ostrožnica, Ruské, Smolník, Starina, Veľká Poľana, Zvala. The displacement took place from the spring of 1980 until the spring of 1986, when the village of Ruské was evicted last. The water work is administered by the Slovak State Water […]
The Turček waterworks or water reservoir began to be built in 1992. Its main task is the accumulation and supply of raw water for the Turček water treatment plant, from where it supplies drinking water to the districts of Žiar nad Hronom, Handlová and Prievidza. Its secondary mission is to protect the upper reaches of the Turks from floods, to ensure its ecologically stable flow throughout the year, and to generate electricity in small hydroelectric power stations wherever the work creates slopes and flows with the possibility of their construction. The reservoir is located at the confluence of the Turiec and Ružový potok brooks above the village of Turček. The total catchment area is 29.5 km2. The average amount of water supplied to the water treatment plant is 15.8 mil. m3. The width of the valley is approximately 120 m and the altitude in the dam is 719 m. n. m. The total tank volume is 10.6 mil. m3, while its stock volume is 9.9 mil. m3. (the tank is filled twice a year) and the fixed volume is 0.3 mil. m3 of water. In the area of the dam are built objects ensuring the functionality of the water tank. […]
The Ružín Water Structure is a system of water works (VD) of Ružín I and Ružín II., Built on the Hornád River, above Košice, from 1962 to 1972. It is located in the northeastern part of the Slovenské Rudohorie, where the River Hornád flows through a deep and narrow valley between the steep slopes of Volovské Hills and Čierna hora. The main purpose of the hydroelectric system is to provide water for the industry in the Košice region, to improve flow rates in order to improve water purity in the flow, electricity generation and partial flood protection of the area under the dam. The reservoir is also used for recreational purposes. The water work is administered by the Slovak State Water Management Company.